Bhutan is a country in the middle of China and India. It is one of the top 10 happiest countries in the world, also number one among the Asian countries. Bhutan also known as Switzerland of Asia. In the World, Bhutan stands as the only carbon-negative country, which means they produce more carbon dioxide ( CO2) than they consume. The main reason behind becoming carbon negative is Bhutan has approx. 72% forest in their country.
In 2015 they planted 49672 trees per hour make them Guinness World Record holder. Bhutan export almost 70% of their hydro-power electricity to India. They set their goal to be an organic country in the world at the end of 2020. Bhutan is trying to make its young generation be concern about the ecosystem. So, they include it in their academic syllabus. The people of Bhutan get 100% free medical care and educational support from their Govt. Every country measures its national growth or success by GDP(Gross Domestic Production) rate, but in the case of Bhutan, it’s a little bit different. Bhutan measures its success rate not by gross domestic product – GDP, but by the GNP-Gross National Happiness.
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What is Gross National Happiness (GNH)?
GNH is derived from Buddhist values, which make sure people have quality life also ensure material and spiritual development. Gross national happiness first applied by Bhutan. Bhutan measures the collective satisfaction and well being of native peoples. Also, hey concern about the sustainable economy and social development by protecting internal nature and culture.
Who invented Gross National happiness?
Gross National Happiness (GNH) is a theory invented by Bhutanese King Jigme Singye Wangchuck in 1974.
What are the element of Gross National Happiness (GNH)?
As GNH came from Buddhist ethics, according to it there are 4 main elements of GNH
1. Good governance
2. Cultural preservation
3. Environmental protection
4. Sustainable development
There are nine more areas and 72 indicators of GNH.
Bhutan calculates GNH with these values, areas, and indicators.
What makes Bhutan Happiest and Carbon negative country in the world?
Steady GDP with Sustainable development
Bhutan land of happiness but Sometimes people also need money to gain happiness. But Bhutan people don’t care about high income. They have a constant GDP rate than other developing nations. Bhutan concentrates on sustainable Hydro-power instead of polluting coal, natural gas-based power generation. For the last few years, Bhutan allows India to invest in its Hydro-power electricity projects. They also export 70% of their hydro power electricity to India. This help Bhutan to boost their economy along with GDP. Now Bhutan impose high travel tax per person 1200 rupee (approx. $15.90) on India, Maldives and Bangladeshi tourist. This fee imposed to discourage the high number of travelers from these countries. This extended fee used to save the ecosystem.
Half of the land preserved as a national park
Bhutan is trying to protect its natural ecosystem. So, govt. of Bhutan made forest cover constitution which is at least 60% of the area must cover with trees and protect from deforestation. That’s how Bhutanese Govt. strictly protecting their forest, animals, and environment. They preserve 50 % of the country’s forests with numerous Parks. they also confirm eco travel in Bhutan. Animals like Royal Bengal Tiger, Rhino, and snow leopard are still safe there from extinction. If anyone caught hunting wild animals, get ten years of prison or 1 million fine or both punishment.
Only Carbon negative country in the world
With a population of 771,608 (2020) every year, Bhutan creates 1.5 million tonnes of carbon but consumes 6 million tonnes. Using renewable energy, Protecting nature strictly make them only “zero carbon” or “carbon negative” country in the world. Govt. of Bhutan always trying to keep the environment clean, so they banned tobacco since 2005 and plastic bags since 1999. These steps make it one of the greenest countries in the world.
Nature over Business
Bhutanese govt. Always choose nature over the business. They working with World Wildlife Fund to preserve nature.
People may criticize us, but the environment is a top priority for Bhutan.According Bhutan Prime Minister Lotay Tshering